OverviewThis Sabad revealed by Guru Nanak Sahib in Rag Asa, is recorded on page 360 of the Guru Granth Sahib. There are three stanzas in it. The stanza of rahau is separate from them. This Sabad imparts Divine wisdom along with giving information regarding Babur’s (1483-1530 CE) invasion of Hindustan (the Persian name for northern India).
In this Sabad, Guru Nanak Sahib views Emperor Babur and the Lodhi Sultans as instruments or agencies of the Divine will. Instead of moving towards Khurasan, Babur was tempted to conquer Hindustan. The Lodhi Sultans of Delhi, who had failed to be fair rulers, had to account for their bad deeds. This Sabad also depicts the absolute authority of IkOankar (the Divine). No one can be above IkOankar’s will. This Sabad attests to Guru Nanak Sahib’s firm belief in the will of IkOankar. This Sabad also invokes the aesthetics of compassion. The painful words uttered by Guru Nanak Sahib about the human lives lost during the invasion evoke a deep feeling of compassion in the heart.